Integrated Water Resources Management
A definition of IWRM (GWP)
‘The adaptation and implementation of a strategy (policies and initiatives) by a water institution to influence the water demand and usage of water in order to meet any of the following objectives: economic efficiency, social development, social equity, environmental protection, sustainability of water supply and services, and political acceptability.’ (after GWP Global Water Partnership)
This provides a definition of Demand Management
Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)
An Integrated Water Resources Management approach promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land, and related resources, in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems.
Integrated Water Resources Planning (IWRP)
While the individual elements of integrated water resource planning have been used for many years, for most water utilities, IWRP is a still a relatively new concept for some areas. While no definition is broadly accepted, the definition contained in AWWA's American Water Works Association) White Paper on IWRP (IRP) (AWWA, 1993) is sometimes adopted.
In parallel with water demand management, water conservation (WC) is seen as a key process. This can be defined as: